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An Israeli company has commenced a joint R&D projectto have its radiation defense shiels adapted for deep spave exploration.

An Israeli company is partnering with Lockheed Martin for joint researchand development (R&D) to see if its radiation shielding technology - initially designed to protect nuclear first responders from gamma radiation - can be used to defend astronauts exploring deep space.

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An Oxford physicist who can recall 90 digits of the mathematical entity pi is among five Britons to make the shortlist of would-be astronauts for a proposed one-way trip to Mars.
 
Ryan MacDonald, a 21-year-old masters student from Derby, has reached the final 100 candidates for the Mars One project which aims to set up a permanent human colony on the red planet in 2024.

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One of the leading magnet labs in the United States has broken the world record for a superconducting magnet.
 
Built with both traditional and novel superconducting materials, the magnet reached a field of 27 teslas on June 5 in a test that exceeded designers' expectations. The magnet is a smaller version of an even more powerful magnet due for completion next year — a 32 tesla all-superconducting magnet that will be substantially stronger than any such magnet built to date.

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An Irish astrophysicist has made it to the final 100 people who could travel to Mars and never return.
 
Trinity College Dublin scientist Joseph Roche was named in the latest shortlist for the Mars One project today.
 
If chosen for the final 40, he will fly to the red planet 55 million km away and establish a permanent human settlement on Mars by 2025.

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NASA is proposing to cut travel time to Mars by half. For more information read below.
 
Getting astronauts to Mars will take all the spacefaring expertise the United States can muster, including advanced propulsion technologies such as solar-electric engines and perhaps even nuclear rockets, according to NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden.
 
In statements made during a visit to the Aerojet Rocketdyne plant here May 28, Bolden stressed that he'd like to slash the travel time required to send astronauts to Mars.

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The complexities of traveling to and working in space present challenges to astronauts that NASA scientists and engineers have been working on since Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin first stepped on the moon more than 43 years ago. One of the challenges facing humans when they go outside Earth's protective atmosphere and magnetic field is space radiation. Sending astronauts farther into our solar system than ever before will require advanced instruments designed for monitoring and detecting radiation in space vehicles and habitats.

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It is now almost universally accepted that exposure to radiation will harm astronauts health. For more information on how radiation affects astronauts brains read this article below.
 
As NASA develops plans for a manned mission to Mars, scientists said Friday that cosmic rays during an interplanetary voyage could cause subtle brain damage, leaving astronauts confused, forgetful and slow to react to the unexpected.

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Rats were exposed to radiation levels similar to that found in deep space. Serious lapses in attention occurred in 64% of the sensitive animals. Increase in impulsiveness took place in 45% and slower reaction in 27%. Difference based on a rat's specific resilience after exposure to radiation.

If same proves true in humans, scientists could identify those more susceptible to radiation before the brain becomes permanently damaged.

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A new space challenge has been launched that will send engineers into deep space. The engineers will have to deal with a number of challenges including radiation, varying temperatures and power supply.
 
Mouser Electronics has teamed up with celebrity engineer Grant Imahara and experts in the space industry to launch an exciting new Space Exploration Series and Space Challenge that puts engineers in space. The educational program is part of the Empowering Innovation Together initiative.
Right now there are 2,271 satellites whirling around this planet and whereas they represent an already astronomic engineering and financial investment in space technology they are in fact only a beginning that has merely scratched the surface of the cosmic infinity that surrounds planet Earth.

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Mars is a frozen wasteland devoid of life, liquid water, and breathable atmosphere. So why are companies like SpaceX and Mars One so bent on colonizing such unfriendly territory?
 
"Human beings have always looked to expand the territory that we can live in," former NASA astronaut Jeffrey A. Hoffman told Business Insider. We spoke with Hoffman at BBC FUTURE's World-Changing Ideas Summit about what it will take to colonize Mars. "You'll find people who are willing to go and live there because they can."

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CERN has recently officially launched the largest particle accelerator in the world. This is a big achievement for the team at CERN. CERN is also a project partner of the FP7 funded project SR2S.
 
“Congratulations,” Rolf-Dieter Heuer, the straight-talking director general at Cern, a particle physics lab near Geneva, told thousands of staff from the control room of the Large Hadron Collider. “Now the hard work starts.”
 
The pat on the back and call to arms marked the restart on Sunday morning of the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator. More than two years after it handed researchers the Higgs boson, and was closed down for crucial upgrade work, the machine is ready to make scientific history for a second time.

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The BBC recently broadcast a 50-minute Horizon documentary entitled "Man on Mars - Mission to the Red Planet".

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To find out more about the superconducivity of specific materials and particles read this article by Physics.org
 
Phys.org)—Physicists have proposed that a hypothetical form of matter called "unparticles" may play a key role in mediating superconductivity—the ability of certain materials to conduct electricity with zero resistance.
 
Physicists James LeBlanc and Adolfo Grushin at the Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems in Dresden (LeBlanc is now with the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor) have published a paper on their proposal of unparticle-mediated superconductivity in a recent issue of the New Journal of Physics.

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Planet Earth is protected from cosmic radiation by a combination of active and passive shields. Together they reduce the absorbed dose by a factor of 50 when compared to the levels absorbed by astronauts on the International Space Station.

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A scientist in the UK research station in Antartica has commenced studies on how people adapt to life in space during prolonged space missions.

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Disclose.tv currently houses a 58-minute BBC Horizon documentary on Mars. The documentary was originally broadcast on BBC Four.

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NASA is celebrating. The Mars rover has now successfully travelled the distance of a marathon on Mars. It only took 11 years and two months to travel 42 kilometres (the distance of a marathon).

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With a section devoted specifically to "Radiation", NASA's Human Research Program have posted a very informative interactive presentation online entitled "How Astronauts are Affected by Space Exploration".

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The CEO of the Mars One Mission has responded to Professor Joseph Roche's criticism of the mission, refuting all commentary from the candidate as "hopelessly flawed".

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The SR2S project, as you know, is focused on radiation protection for astronauts, but that is just one cog in the wheel in embarking on deep space missions. The BBC have enlisted the help of a team of scientists from Imperial College London to discuss and design a mission to send astronauts to Mars, our nearest neighbour, some 56 million km away. They even discuss the issue of radiation protection for the astronauts whilst travelling to the Red Planet.

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NASA has recently launched a multi billion dollar mission to study planets magnetic Fields.

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NASA have released an interactive image of what the surface on Mars looks like taken from their Curiosity rover.

The image was generated from the rover’s three cameras over several days using software company GigaPan to capture the panoramic photo. This is the first NASA-produced image from the surface of Mars and is composed of around 900 frames from Curiosity’s cameras.

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Professor Jospeh Roche talks about his experience with the Mars One Mission and why he thinks he won't be travelling to Mars in the near future.

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NASA’s planned Mars 2020 rover likely will both continue the astrobiological exploration of Mars begun by the Curiosity rover and provide stepping stones to the next stages of Martian exploration.

Two weeks ago, NASA’s Mars 2020 rover Science Definition Team (SDT) delivered its report recommending the science goals for the mission. Probably to the surprise of no one, the team recommended essentially the same science goals as had several previous SDTs on what NASA’s next mission to Mars should do.

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Professor Joseph Roche, Trinity College Dublin Lecturer and finalist for the Mars One mission has spoken out about his view of the project and its viability.

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Future astronauts should expect a lighter, more practical suit for suborbital and orbital commercial space travel.

As reported by PopSci, a new "3G" space suit was unveiled at Capitol Hill this week by Final Frontier, a Brooklyn-based space company.

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NASA has announced that it will fund three new specialised centres of research to conduct further studies on the effects of space radiation on human health.

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NASA has picked eight Americans, a mix of scientists and military pilots, to begin training for future space missions that may one day launch them all the way to Mars. The new class includes four men and four women who will join the 49 active astronauts at the agency's astronaut corps at the Johnson Space Center in Houston.

The new U.S. space travelers, which NASA unveiled today (June 17), could be part of the first crews to visit an asteroid or Mars, deep-space goals that NASA aims to explore. They could also be the first people to launch to space on a U.S.-built rocket since the era of the space shuttle, which ended in 2011.

See more at: http://www.space.com/21585-nasa-unveils-astronauts-deep-space.html#sthash.JANW1oCU.dpuf

Astronaut Scott Kelly is going to spend a year in space. This will be the longest space mission that any US astronaut has spent in space.

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Edwin ("Buzz") Aldrin recently published an article in The New York Times discussing his view of Mars in the context of current space exploration.

Aldrin, the second man to walk on the moon, is co-author of the book “Mission to Mars: My Vision for Space Exploration”. 

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Radiation issues for manned Mars mission

sidebar radiation article

During the rover's cruise to Mars between December 2011 and July 2012, RAD showed that an astronaut would clock up the same radiation dose in a day that the average American receives in a year. If you exclude medical dosages, it would be 10 times more than the average American.

See original article from The Guardian here.

Materials that Halt Hazardous Space Radiation

Radiation has long been an issue when it comes to space travel. In fact, NASA's Mars rover Curiosity recently confirmed previous research on the hazards of space radiation, revealing that radiation levels on the way to the Red Planet are several hundred times higher than the those humans receive on Earth. Now, scientists may have found a way to shield astronauts from the hazards of this radiation.

See original article from Science World Report here.

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Current Project Status

The SR2S project is nearing completion. Project partners presented their technological achievements at the final project dissemination event in Brussels in December 2015. To read more about this event, click here.

Next Project Milestone

The final project review meeting will take place in January 2016. Further information and final project results will be available after this date.

Got a question?

If you have a questions about the SR2S project, why not send us an email and we'll try to reply to your query as soon as possible. You can email us at questions@sr2s.eu

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